Where is Mt. Kanchenjunga?
Often the foreigners are confused about the location of Mt. Kanchenjunga and ask where Mt. Kanchenjunga is and if it is located in Nepal or in India. Either answer is right as it lies in both the two nations. While the north peak is in Sikkim, India, the rest center, main and south peaks lie in Taplejung of Nepal. Bhutan too holds a part of the region. Sapta Koshi River in Nepal and Tista River in India are two important rivers in Kanchenjunga region. However, all the best and possible trekking trails during Kanchenjunga trekking and routes including the Kanchenjunga Base Camp trek are on Nepal’s side.
About Mt. Kanchenjunga.
Mt. Kanchenjunga also known as the Queen of the mountains is the third
highest mountain on the planet whereas second in Nepal following Mt. Everest. Standing at an altitude of 8,586m (28,169 feet), the name Kanchenjunga actually implies The Five Treasures of Snow in Tibetan dialect, inferable to the five significant peaks in the region.
The Kanchenjunga National Park is shared between the three nations Nepal, Bhutan and India. Of the total 22,000 km2 secured by the park, 3,700 km2 in Nepal and 4,600 km2 in Bhutan and 14,000 km2 lies in India. Kanchenjunga National Park is an important site for unique flora and fauna which is because of the fluctuation in climatic condition from tropical to frosty snow capped climate within next 100 kilometers. This is because of the atmosphere that could fluctuate essentially from tropical to frosty snow capped climate just inside 100 kilometers. Kanchenjunga region is an abode to more than 150 types of mammals, amphibians, reptiles, birds and insects among which few of them are endangered. The most eminent creatures living here are the snow leopard, red panda, serow, Himalayan musk deer, Himalayan tahr and Asian elephants.
Difficulties level of Mt. Kanchenjunga trekking.
To take a look at the difficulty level of this trek, it is rather considered as a moderate one given the fact that it is one of the most remote regions for trekking. Hiring a porter here totally rests on how physically competent you are to complete the trek on your own while carrying your own rucksack. If you are capable to hike in high altitude for around 7 to 8 hours per day with 15-20 kg of load on your back, then you needn’t bother hiring one. Rather go for it with just one guide. However, if you see any slight chance of inability to hike uphill with your backpacks, then we recommend you to get a porter for your safety along with a guide. Remember this that the longer your itinerary is, more days you will spend trekking to the base camp and back. At the same time, it’s easier and appropriate as you don’t need to rush looking around everything in one day. In an average you have to walk five to eight hours crossing about 300 to 500m each day. All the trekkers prefer to carry their mostly beloved stuffs, so it depends upon his/ her decisions. In the event that you are taking your bag with you, we would suggest constraining your bag to around 15-20 kg or if possible even lesser than that. You should consider packing lighter. Here are the basic things to pack to make your backpack lighter and useful. Include these in your list, a sleeping bag, a camera, a pair of clothes to change, a sunblock cream, shades, headlamp and a water bottle. Stuffs like body soap, toothpaste and hair shampoo can be bought from local shops on the way. Particularly, for Kanchenjunga trekking,
What do we carry and care during the Mt, Kanchenjunga trekking?
Trekkers are not recommended to carry a tent and light mattress as basic tea houses are insufficient in this region. There is something called a day backpack which is a small between 600 cubic inches- 2500 cubic inches bag intended to hold a day’s worth gear. The day backpack is essential to carry things required for the day and in case if you have hired a porter, you can share the load with him. Anything you think you don’t need for the day, keep them in the main bag while you carry a few essential items like water bottle, mobile phone, light snacks, your coat, sunscreen, shades, headlamp and socks (hiking socks to prevent blisters is always recommended). Talking about the routes to Mt. Kanchenjunga, it has four climbing courses, – three of which lie in Nepal and one in North East Sikkim of India. The safest and mostly traveled route for Kanchenjunga base camp trek is the North West and South West although it is not an easy walk. Record shows that the route from Sikkim has only set three successful summits to date. Indian government has strictly banned people to trek to Kanchenjunga Base Camp from the north side in Sikkim as the North Base Camp. Kanchenjunga Base Camp Trek is known as the second risky and remote long distance trek in the world.
Permit and documents for the Mt. Kanchenjunga trekking.
Nepal Government has various policies in reference to Kanchenjunga trekking and travelling. They require some of the trekking area to have a special permit particularly if the territory is an open border or is associated with another nation. Mount Kanchenjunga, shares the outskirt with India and China (Tibet). Notwithstanding, all the best and possible climbing routes and trekking trails including the Kanchenjunga Base Camp is on Nepal’s side. In case you are planning to discover this rare and genuine beauty of nature in the laps of Kanchenjunga, then you should get yourself a special trekking permit. TIMS stands for Trekking Information Management Systems. There has been confusion about whether TIMS is compulsory for trekking. If you already have a special trekking permit, TIMS card is not required for trek in Kanchenjunga or any other region. All the special trekking permits are issued by Nepal Immigration Office in its trekking department. In order for you to issue a trekking permit; you have to provide some important documents like an original passport with a Nepal entry visa with an arrival stamp on it, two pp size photos and travel insurance copy. You must be at least two people in a group excluding guide or porter. Always file your trekking permit through a registered local travel agency.
Route of Mt. Kanchenjunga trekking.
Day 01: Flight to Bhadrapur.
We will catch a plane at around ten in the morning to Bhadrapur. The plane ride will be only around one hour long. We will fly eastward. After the plane lands, we will drive to the city of Birtamod which will take us another hour. We will spend the night in a hotel in Birtamod.
Day 02: Drive to Taplejung (1,820m)
Today we will drive northward to Taplejung. After travelling in pitched road and graveled road for around 8-9 hours, we will reach Taplejung. We will spend the night in a local guest house.
Day 03: Trek to Chirwa (1,270m)
The trial today will be uphill and downhill, and we will trek steadily for 6 hours to reach the small village of Sinwa. We will continue to descend until we reach Tawa. From Tawa, we will trek uphill for some time and then cross the suspension bridge at Thiwa. We will spend the night in Chirwa, a beautiful Limbu village.
Day 04: Trek to Amjlosa (2,520m)
We will trek to Amjlosa today and the trek will be relatively long. We will walk past cardamom fields and dense forests. We will trek via Sukathum, where we will cross a river over the suspension bridge. We will also cross a gorge from below and go via Solima Village to descend once again. We will spend the night in Amjilosa.
Day 05: Trek to Gyabla (2,730m)
Today we will trek for around 6-7 hours. We will trek along the river bank, cross dense forests of fir and bamboos and rhododendrons! The trek today will be very fun and gratifying. After reaching a small stone house nearby the river, we will climb uphill by crossing few small wooden small bridges. On our way, we can encounter numerous beautiful waterfalls. We will spend the night in Gyabla, which is a small Tibetan village.
Day 06: Trek to Ghunsa (3,595m)
We will trek for around 5 to 6 hours today. We will trek down the river and go to Phale. It is a Tibetan refugee settlement. We can buy local handicrafts or rugs to take back as souvenirs. We will trek uphill through pine and conifer forests to reach the beautiful Sherpa village of Ghunsa.
Day 07: Acclimatization day at Ghunsa
We will spend the day exploring and adapting to the harsh terrain of the Himalayans. We can hike up to Dudh Kunda Lake which will take about 4 hours.
Day 08: Trek to Kambachen (4,050m)
Today we will trek northward along the river banks. Throughout the trek today, we will be rewarded with beautiful view of mountains. We will walk past meadows of rhododendron, wildflowers and pine forests. We will spend the night in a tent camp in Kambachen.
Day 09: Trek to Lhonak (4,780m)
Today the trek will be challenging and we will start pretty early in the morning. After trekking along thr rocky fields and big boulders we will arrive at a waterfall. After sometime we will cross a bridge and then reach the Ramtang monastery. Finally after descending down along a river we will arrive at Lhonak.
Day 10: Hike to Pangpema (5,065m)
Today we will trek to the highest altitude of the trek period to Pangpema. It will be approximately 7 hours long. We will be rewarded with beautiful views of the Himalayans on our way up.
Day 11: Exploring Pangpema area
We will explore and hike around Pangpema. From here, we can have the most amazing view of the mountains. After exploration, we will trek down to Lhonak where we will spend the night.
Day 12: Trek back to Ghunsa
We will trek back to Ghunsa by the same route we went uphill. The trek will be easier because we will trek downhill. The night will be spent in Ghunsa in a local guest house.
Day 13: Trek to Sele le (4,290m)
The trek today will be steep and uphill. We will trek through dense forests of rhododendron and juniper on our way up. We will spend the night here in Sele Le.
Day 14: Trek Sele la, Sinion La Pass, Mirgin La Pass, Sinelapcha La Pass and Tseram (3,870m).
Today is a very exciting day and also very adventurous. We will trek through Sele La and cross 3 passes, Sinion La Pass (4,460m), Mirgin La Pass (4,480m), Sinelapcha Pass (4,646). It will be very exhausting but also very gratifying.
Day 15: Hike to Oktang Base Camp
Today is a special day because we will trek to Oktang Base Camp which will take around 5-6 hours. We can observe the Kanchanjunga south from here. After that we will return to Tseram and stay the night in a local teahouse.
Day 16: Trek to Torangden (2,995m)
There are two trials to reach Torangden. We will trek down alongside the Simbuwa Khola. We will enjoy the view of beautiful faraway mountains and rhododendrons along the way down.
Day 17: Trek to Yamphudin (2,080m)
We will trek to Yamphudin from Torangden. On our way, we will cross Lasiya Bhanghyang. The route is relatively easy to trek through. Walking further down, we will have reached Yamphudin, a small beautiful village inhibited by Sherpa, Rai and Limbus.
Day 18: Trek down to Khebang (1,910m)
We will now trek down to Khebang where we will spend the night in a local inn. The trek will be easier and refreshing one because it is downhill.
Day 19: Trek to Khandembe (1,420m).
We will now trek down to Khandembe where we will spend the night in a local inn. The trek will be easier and refreshing one because it is downhill.
Day 20: Drive to Bhadrapur.
We will directly drive to Bhadrapur for catch the flight to Kathmandu for next day, 8 to 9 Hrs Drive around
Day 21: Fly to Kathmandu
We will drive back to the city of Bhadrapur and then catch a flight back to capital which will take an hour.
Conclusion of Mt. Kanchenjunga trekking.
Kanchenjunga which lies on the far eastern side of Nepal, near the border with Sikkim, a tiny Himalayan state in the north-eastern part of India. It is the 3rd highest mountain in the world with an elevation of 8586 meters. Although first climbed in 1955 is was not until the late 1980’s , For the Kanchenjunga trekking single trekker is not allowed trek in this region and local guide or potter are necessary to trek with necessary permits and papers.
Kanchenjunga Trekking is is an unforgettable adventure into the heart of the Himalaya.
Trekkers can choose from the Kanchenjunga south trekking, the Kanchenjunga north trekking , the Kanchenjunga circuit trekking , which visits both the north and south base camps, or can also make tailor made itinerary. On all treks you will meet local Tibetan refugees, who welcome you with hospitality and smiling faces as you walk through rippled farmland, meadows and forests of pink barked rhododendrons.
There are no crowds and you will meet few other trekkers during the Kanchenjunga trekking. Trekkers need to be fit enough to hike for at least 6 hours a day.
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