Mt. Kanchenjunga, known as the Queen of the mountains is the third highest mountain on the planet whereas second in Nepal following Mt. Everest. Standing at an altitude of 8,586m (28,169 feet), the name Kanchenjunga actually implies The Five Treasures of Snow in Tibetan dialect, inferable to the five significant peaks in the region. Often the foreigners are confused about the location of Mt. Kanchenjunga and ask where Mt. Kanchenjunga is and if it is located in Nepal or in India. Either answer is right as it lies in both the two nations. While the north peak is in Sikkim, India, the rest center, main and south peaks lie in Taplejung of Nepal. Bhutan too holds a part of the region. Sapta Koshi River in Nepal and Tista River in India are two important rivers in Kanchenjunga region. However, all the best and possible trekking trails during Kanchenjunga trekking and routes including the Kanchenjunga Base Camp trek are on Nepal’s side.
To take a look at the difficulty level of this trek, it is rather considered as a moderate one given the fact that it is one of the most remote regions for trekking. Hiring a porter here totally rests on how physically competent you are to complete the trek on your own while carrying your own rucksack. If you are capable to hike in high altitude for around 7 to 8 hours per day with 15-20 kg of load on your back, then you needn’t bother hiring one. Rather go for it with just one guide. However, if you see any slight chance of inability to hike uphill with your backpacks, then we recommend you to get a porter for your safety along with a guide. Remember this that the longer your itinerary is, more days you will spend trekking to the base camp and back. At the same time it’s easier and appropriate as you don’t need to rush looking around everything in one day. In an average you have to walk five to eight hours crossing about 300 to 500m each day. All the trekkers prefer to carry their mostly beloved stuffs, so it depends upon his/ her decisions. In the event that you are taking your bag with you, we would suggest constraining your bag to around 15-20 kg or if possible even lesser than that. You should consider packing lighter. Here are the basic things to pack to make your backpack lighter and useful. Include these in your list, a sleeping bag, a camera, a pair of clothes to change, a sunblock cream, shades, headlamp and a water bottle. Stuffs like body soap, toothpaste and hair shampoo can be bought from local shops on the way. Particularly, for Kanchenjunga trekking, trekkers are recommended to carry a tent and light mattress in case of any occurrence of crisis, as tea houses are insufficient in this region. There is something called a day backpack which is a small between 600 cubic inches- 2500 cubic inches bag intended to hold a day’s worth gear. The day backpack is essential to carry things required for the day and in case if you have hired a porter, you can share the load with him. Anything you think you don’t need for the day, keep them in the main bag while you carry a few essential items like water bottle, mobile phone, light snacks, your coat, sunscreen, shades, headlamp and socks. Talking about the routes to Mt. Kanchenjunga, it has four climbing courses, – three of which lie in Nepal and one in North East Sikkim of India. The safest and mostly traveled route for Kanchenjunga base camp trek is the North West and South West although it is not an easy walk. Record shows that the route from Sikkim has only set three successful summits to date. Indian government has strictly banned people to trek to Kanchenjunga Base Camp from the north side in Sikkim as the North Base Camp. Kanchenjunga Base Camp Trek is known as the second risky and remote long distance trek in the world.
The Kanchenjunga National Park is shared between the three nations Nepal, Bhutan and India. Of the total 22,000 km2 secured by the park, 3,700 km2 in Nepal and 4,600 km2 in Bhutan and 14,000 km2 lies in India. Kanchenjunga National Park is an important site for unique flora and fauna which is because of the fluctuation in climatic condition from tropical to frosty snow capped climate within next 100 kilometers. This is because of the atmosphere that could fluctuate essentially from tropical to frosty snow capped climate just inside 100 kilometers. Kanchenjunga region is an abode to more than 150 types of mammals, amphibians, reptiles, birds and insects among which few of them are endangered. The most eminent creatures living here are the snow leopard, red panda, serow, Himalayan musk deer, Himalayan tahr and Asian elephants.
Nepal Government has various policies in reference to Kanchenjunga trekking and travelling. They require some of the trekking area to have a special permit particularly if the territory is an open border or is associated with another nation. Mount Kanchenjunga, shares the outskirt with India and China (Tibet). Notwithstanding, all the best and possible climbing routes and trekking trails including the Kanchenjunga Base Camp is on Nepal’s side. In case you are planning to discover this rare and genuine beauty of nature in the laps of Kanchenjunga, then you should get yourself a special trekking permit. TIMS stands for Trekking Information Management Systems. There has been confusion about whether TIMS is compulsory for trekking. If you already have a special trekking permit, TIMS card is not required for trek in Kanchenjunga or any other region. All the special trekking permits are issued by Nepal Immigration Office in its trekking department. In order for you to issue a trekking permit; you have to provide some important documents like an original passport with a Nepal entry visa with an arrival stamp on it, two pp size photos and travel insurance copy. You must be at least two people in a group excluding guide or porter. Always file your trekking permit through a registered local travel agency.